Henri Charles Manguin was born on March 23, 1874 in Paris. In 1894 he enrolled in the École des Beaux-Arts where he studied under Gustave Moreau who was a French Symbolist painter whose main emphasis was on the illustration of biblical and mythological figures. He became close friends with his fellow students Henri Matisse, Albert Marquet, Jean Puy, and Charles Camoin. They all studied and copied the works of the great Renaissance masters in the Louvre. Manguin would later become influenced by Impressionism as shown in his use of bright pastel hues. In 1899 Manguin married Jeanne whose portrait he often painted. Manguin held his first exhibitions in 1902 at the Salon des Indépendents and the Salon d'Automne. He traveled with his good friend and fellow artist Albert Marquet throughout southern France. On one of these trips in 1904 Manguin discovered Saint-Tropez where he eventually settled and where he died in 1949 at the age of 75. Saint-Tropez provided the inspiration for Manguin's major Mediterranean landscapes which were full of the light and beauty of the vegetation there. These paintings marked the height of his career as a Fauve artist.
View from the Terrace is one of Henri Charles Manguin's Mediterranean seascapes full of light yet the presence of an industrialized France. Manguin was a Post-Impressionist and is celebrated for his flat and broad color use that was very similar in approach to that of Matisse. These views out a window were very much a favorite amongst the modern painters, and Manguin may have borrowed this type of composition from Matisse. The view captures the port of Toulon, a large military harbor on the coast which boasts a French naval base.
Marcel Bernheim, Paris (acquired from the artist in February 1927)
Private Collection, Paris
Lucie and Claude Manguin, Marie-Caroline Sainsaulieu, Henri Manguin, Catalogue Raisonné of Paintings, Ides and Calendes, Neuchâtel, 1980, no. 850. Reproduced and recorded p. 282