Groll was born in New York in 1866, the son of a pharmacist immigrant from Darmstadt, Germany. During his early years he travelled to Europe to study at the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich, then called Royal Academy of Fine Arts, under Nicholas Gysis and Ludwig von Löfftz. He also studied in London and in the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Antwerp, Belgium. Groll went back to New York in 1895 and moved from figure painting to landscape painting in part due to the high cost of hiring models. He also became well known as an etcher.
Although Albert Groll is known as a foremost painter of the American West, he spent the majority of his life and career in New York and New England. Before 1905, when he made his first visit to New Mexico, Groll painted expansive, luminous landscapes of the Northeast. He traveled widely in search of refreshing and stimulating scenery. These wanderings would eventually take him to the West where he became known as “America’s sky painter.” The Pueblo Indians of New Mexico so respected his accuracy and sensitivity that they gave him the honorary name “Chief Bald Head-Eagle Eye.”
Greenwich Gallery, CT
Private collection Connecticut