André Derain French, 1880-1954

Overview

André Derain spent his time in the company of well-known artists such as Henri Matisse, who ultimately convinced Derain's father of the young artist's talent.  Although considered a leader of the Fauves, he certainly did not stick to one style throughout his successful career.  Born in 1880 at Chatou, an artists' colony on the outskirts of Paris, Derain defied his father's expectations of a "respectable" career and became one of the most popular painters in Paris.  The original Fauves, also called the "wild beasts," consisted of Derain and his contemporaries, Maurice Vlaminck and Henri Matisse.  They were recognized for their use of unnaturally bright colors and distinct lines.  Following exhibitions of Van Gogh, Cézanne, and Gauguin, the Fauves felt they had the freedom to radically experiment, hence their bold works. 

 

A prolific artist, André Derain continued to try out new styles throughout his career.  He had considerable success, signing contracts with both Daniel-Henri Kahnweiler, Picasso's dealer, and Ambrose Vollard.  After his break from Fauvism in 1907, Derain's versatility became apparent.  He explored the work of Paul Cézanne and became friends with Pablo Picasso, working with him in Catalonia.  He also learned from the "primitive" works of Gauguin and Rousseau, and was inspired by Post-Impressionism and Neoclassicism.  After serving in World War I, Derain studied Renaissance masters and his work became much more traditional.  Following a long career exploring decorating, painting, and even book illustrating, André Derain passed away in Garches, France in 1954.

Exhibitions

Courtauld Institute, Paris

Galerie Schmit, Paris

Musée Despiau-Wlérick, Mont-de-Marsan

Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris

Musée d'Art Moderne, Troyes

Musée de l'Orangerie, Paris

Marcq-en-Baroeul

Museum of Modern Art, New York

Galerie Roland Browse & Del Banco, London

Musée National d'Art Moderne, Paris

Musée de Beaux-Arts, Rennes

David Finlay Galleries, New York

Sidney Janis Gallery, New York

Bern Kunsthalle

Galerie de Berri, Paris

Galerie Bing, Paris

Gallery Pierre Matisse, New York

Petit Palais, Esposizion Universel de Paris

Salon des Indépendants, Paris

Salon d'Automne, Paris

Museums and Public Collections

Art Institute of Chicago

Dallas Museum of Art, Texas

Detroit Institute of Arts, Michigan

Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg, Russia

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington D.C.

Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City

Musée d'Orsay, Paris

Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Texas

Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

Museum of Modern Art, New York City

National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh

National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.

National Gallery of Australia, Canberra

National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa

San Francisco Museum of Modern Art

National Museum Wales, Cardiff

Ashmolean Museum at the University of Oxford, UK

Barber Institute of Fine Arts, Birmingham, UK

Block Museum of Art at Northwestern University, Illinois

Brooklyn Museum, New York City

Canton Museum of Art, Ohio

Charleston, the country home of the Bloomsbury Group, East Sussex, England

Cleveland Museum of Art, Ohio

Courtauld Institute of Art, London, UK

Currier Gallery of Art, New Hampshire

E.G. Bührle Collection, Zurich

Fondation Bemberg Museum, Toulouse, France

Fondation de l'Hermitage, Lausanne, Switzerland

Harvard University Art Museums, Massachusetts

Indiana University Art Museum, Bloomington 

Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indiana

Jewish Museum in Prague, Czech Republic 

Kunstmuseum Basel, Switzerland

Lille Metropole Musee d'Art Moderne

MacKenzie Art Gallery, Saskatchewan

Manchester City Art Gallery, UK

Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum, St. Louis, Missouri

Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minnesota

MUMOK - Museum Moderner Kunst Stiftung Ludwig Wien, Vienna

Musée Cantini, Marseilles, France 

Musée de l'Orangerie, Paris 

National Gallery of Victoria, Australia

National Museums Liverpool, UK

North Carolina Museum of Art, Raleigh

Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach, Florida 

Oklahoma City Museum of Art, Oklahoma

Palazzo dei Diamanti, Ferrara, Italy 

Philadelphia Museum of Art

Princeton University Art Museum, New Jersey

Saint Louis Art Museum, Missouri

State Museums of Florence Digital Archive, Italy

Studio Esseci, Italy 

Tate Gallery, London, UK

Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, Madrid

University of Iowa Museum of Art, Iowa City

University of Lethbridge Art Gallery, Alberta, Canada

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