Jack Tworkov American, 1900-1982


A leading figure in the New York School of abstract expressionists and best known for his spontaneous brush strokes and rhythmic compositions, Jack Tworkov was born in Biala, Poland in 1900. After immigrating to the United States in 1913, he settled in New York, where he began taking drawing classes at Stuyvesant High School. He studied English at Columbia University (1920-23) and art at the National Academy of Design (1923-25) and Art Students League (1925-6). In 1921, Tworkov was greatly influenced by the work of Cézanne, whose work was exhibited at the Brooklyn Museum. Although New York remained his primary residence, Tworkov began spending his summers in Provincetown, Massachusetts, where he befriended Karl Knaths. At this time he developed an interest in the ideas and work of European modernists Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee and Joan Miro. During the 1930s and 1940s, he worked on the Works Progress Administration's Federal Art Project (1935-41). In 1941, he had his first solo show at the A.C.A. Gallery, New York, and continued to exhibit frequently to critical acclaim.

During World War II Tworkov briefly stopped painting; however, when he resumed he began experimenting with abstraction, at the same time other artists -Jackson Pollock, Phillip Guston, and Bradley Walker Tomlin-were also developing their new ideas and creating purely abstract, expressionist works. By the 1950s, Tworkov had fully embraced the idea of using unconscious impulses in painting, an important aspect of abstract expressionism. He filled his canvases with gestural brushstrokes that combined to create forceful linear rhythms across his compositions.

Throughout his career, Tworkov held various teaching positions, including chairman of the art department at the Yale School of Art and Architecture, from 1963-69. His works are included in many prestigious collections, both public and private. He has received many awards and honors, including a gold medal at the 1963 Corcoran Biennial.

Selected Solo Exhibitions

1940     ACA Gallery, New York

1947     Charles Egan Gallery, New York

1948     Baltimore Museum, Baltimore, Maryland

1949     Charles Egan Gallery, New York

1952     Charles Egan Gallery, New York

1954     Charles Egan Gallery, New York

University of Mississippi, Oxford, MS

1957     Stable Gallery, New York

Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN

1958     Stable Gallery, New York

1959     Stable Gallery, New York

1960     Holland-Goldowsky Gallery, Chicago, IL

1961     Leo Castelli Gallery, New York

Newcomb College Art Gallery, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA

1963     Leo Castelli Gallery, New York

Holland-Goldowsky Gallery, Chicago, IL

1964     Yale Art Gallery, New Haven, CT

Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; traveling exhibition: Washington

Gallery of Modern Art, Washington, DC; Pasdena Art Museum, Pasadena, CA;

San Francisco Museum of Art, San Francisco, CA; University Art Museum,

University of Texas, Austin, TX; Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN; Poses

Institute of Fine Arts, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA

1969     Gertrude Kasle Gallery, Detroit, MI

1971     Whitney Museum of American Art, New York

French & Co., New York

Gertrude Kasle Gallery, Detroit, MI

1972     French & Co., New York

Toledo Museum of Art, Toledo, OH

1973     Jack Glenn Gallery, Corona Del Mar, CA

Jacob's Ladder Gallery, Washington, DC

Jaffe-Friede Gallery, Hopkins Center, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH

1974     Harcus, Krakow, Rosen, Sonnabend Gallery, Boston, MA

American University, Washington, DC

Nancy Hoffman Gallery, New York

Art Galleries, Northeast Missouri State University, Kirksville, MO

Portland Center for Visual Arts, Portland, OR

Reed College, Portland, OR

List Gallery, Denver Art Museum, Denver, CO

1975     Nancy Hoffman Gallery, New York

New Gallery of Contemporary Art, Cleveland, OH; traveling exhibition:

Sullivant Gallery, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH; Kilcawley Center Art

Gallery, Youngstown State University, Youngstown, OH; Contemporary Arts Center, Cincinnati, OH

1976     Mulvane Art Center, Washburn University, Topeka, KS

John Berggruen Gallery, San Francisco, CA

Jack Glenn Gallery, Corona Del Mar, CA

1977     Dobrick Gallery Unlimited, Chicago, IL

University Art Galleries, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA

Nancy Hoffman Gallery, New York

1979     Jan Baum-Iris Silverman Gallery, Los Angeles, CA

Art Museum and Galleries, California State University, Long Beach, CA

Third Eye Centre, Glasgow, Scotland; traveling exhibition: Fruitmarket Gallery,

Edinburgh, Scotland; Academy Gallery, Liverpool, England; Ulster Museum,

Belfast, Ireland; Hatton Gallery, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England

1980     Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, RI

1981     Johnson Gallery, Middlebury College, VT

1982     Nancy Hoffman Gallery, New York; traveled to the Mint Museum, Charlotte, NC

Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York

1983     Nancy Hoffman Gallery, New York

Provincetown Art Association, Provincetown, MA

1985     Galerie Ninety-Nine, Bay Harbor Islands, FL

Nancy Hoffman Gallery, New York

Adams Middletown Gallery, Dallas, TX

1987     Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, PA

1991     Andre Emmerich Gallery, New York

2000     Mitchell-Innes & Nash, New York

2002     Mitchell-Innes & Nash, New York with Ameringer Howard Yohe, New York

2007     Mitchell-Innes & Nash, New York, Jack Tworkov Rhythm 1955 - 1967


Museums and Public Collections

Ackland Art Museum, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, N.C.

Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, N.Y.  

Allentown Art Museum, Allentown, Pa.

American University Museum, Katzen Center, Washington, D.C.  

Ann Arbor Art Association, Ann Arbor, Mich.

Arkansas Art Center, Little Rock, Ark.

Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Ill.  

Art, Santa Barbara, Calif.  

Asheville Art Museum, Asheville, N.C.  

Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, Md.  

Black Mountain College Museum and Arts Center, Asheville, N.C.

Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas, Austin, Tex.  

Bowdoin College Museum of Art, Brunswick, Maine  

Butler Institute of American Art, Youngstown, Ohio  

Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh, Pa.  

Chazen Museum of Art, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis.  

Chrysler Museum of Art, Norfolk, Va.  

Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, Ohio  

Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.  

Daum Museum of Contemporary Art, Sedalia, Mo.

Detroit Institute of Art, Detroit, Mich.  View 1 work »

Harvard University Art Museums, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, Mass.  

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C.  

Honolulu Museum of Art, Honolulu, Hawaii  

Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College, Hanover, N.H.

Hunter Museum of American Art, Chattanooga, Tenn.  

Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis, Ind.  

Jewish Museum, New York, N.Y.

Lowe Art Museum at University of Miami, Coral Gables, Fla.  

Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, N.Y.  

Montclair Art Museum, Montclair, N.J.

Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Tex.

Museum of Modern Art, New York, N.Y.  

National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.  

Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, Mo.

Newark Art Museum, Newark, N.J.  

Oklahoma City Museum of Art, Oklahoma City, Okla.  

Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice, Italy View 1 work »

Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, Pa.  

Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C.  

Portland Museum of Art, Portland, Maine

Portland Museum of Art, Portland, Ore.  

Princeton University Art Museum, Princeton, N.J.  

Provincetown Art Association and Museum, Provincetown, Mass.

Rockefeller University, New York, N.Y.  

Samuel Dorsky Museum of Art, New Paltz, N.Y.  

San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, Calif.  

Seattle Art Museum, Seattle, Wash.  

Smart Museum of Art, University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill.

Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C.  

Snite Museum of Art at University of Norte Dame, Norte Dame, Ind.  

Solomon R. Guggenheim, New York, N.Y.  

Tate Modern, London, United Kingdom

Toledo Museum of Art, Toledo, Ohio

Tucson Museum of Art, Tucson, Ariz.  

University of California, Berkeley Art Museum, Berkeley, Calif.

University of Michigan Museum of Art, Ann Arbor, Mich.

Vero Beach Museum of Art, Vero Beach, Fla.  

Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, Conn.  

Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, Minn.  

Weatherspoon Art Museum, Greensboro, N.C.  

Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, N.Y.  

Williams College Museum of Art, Williamstown, Mass.  

Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn.  

Yellowstone Art Museum, Billings, Mont.  

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