A leading figure in the New York School of abstract expressionists and best known for his spontaneous brush strokes and rhythmic compositions, Jack Tworkov was born in Biala, Poland in 1900. After immigrating to the United States in 1913, he settled in New York, where he began taking drawing classes at Stuyvesant High School. He studied English at Columbia University (1920-23) and art at the National Academy of Design (1923-25) and Art Students League (1925-6). In 1921, Tworkov was greatly influenced by the work of Cézanne, whose work was exhibited at the Brooklyn Museum. Although New York remained his primary residence, Tworkov began spending his summers in Provincetown, Massachusetts, where he befriended Karl Knaths. At this time he developed an interest in the ideas and work of European modernists Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee and Joan Miro. During the 1930s and 1940s, he worked on the Works Progress Administration's Federal Art Project (1935-41). In 1941, he had his first solo show at the A.C.A. Gallery, New York, and continued to exhibit frequently to critical acclaim.
During World War II Tworkov briefly stopped painting; however, when he resumed he began experimenting with abstraction, at the same time other artists -Jackson Pollock, Phillip Guston, and Bradley Walker Tomlin-were also developing their new ideas and creating purely abstract, expressionist works. By the 1950s, Tworkov had fully embraced the idea of using unconscious impulses in painting, an important aspect of abstract expressionism. He filled his canvases with gestural brushstrokes that combined to create forceful linear rhythms across his compositions.
Throughout his career, Tworkov held various teaching positions, including chairman of the art department at the Yale School of Art and Architecture, from 1963-69. His works are included in many prestigious collections, both public and private. He has received many awards and honors, including a gold medal at the 1963 Corcoran Biennial.
Selected Solo Exhibitions
1940 Â Â Â ACA Gallery, New York
1947 Â Â Â Charles Egan Gallery, New York
1948 Â Â Â Baltimore Museum, Baltimore, Maryland
1949 Â Â Â Charles Egan Gallery, New York
1952 Â Â Â Charles Egan Gallery, New York
1954 Â Â Â Charles Egan Gallery, New York
University of Mississippi, Oxford, MS
1957 Â Â Â Stable Gallery, New York
Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN
1958 Â Â Â Stable Gallery, New York
1959 Â Â Â Stable Gallery, New York
1960 Â Â Â Holland-Goldowsky Gallery, Chicago, IL
1961 Â Â Â Leo Castelli Gallery, New York
Newcomb College Art Gallery, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA
1963 Â Â Â Leo Castelli Gallery, New York
Holland-Goldowsky Gallery, Chicago, IL
1964 Â Â Â Yale Art Gallery, New Haven, CT
Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; traveling exhibition: Washington
Gallery of Modern Art, Washington, DC; Pasdena Art Museum, Pasadena, CA;
San Francisco Museum of Art, San Francisco, CA; University Art Museum,
University of Texas, Austin, TX; Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN; Poses
Institute of Fine Arts, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA
1969 Â Â Â Gertrude Kasle Gallery, Detroit, MI
1971 Â Â Â Whitney Museum of American Art, New York
French & Co., New York
Gertrude Kasle Gallery, Detroit, MI
1972 Â Â Â French & Co., New York
Toledo Museum of Art, Toledo, OH
1973 Â Â Â Jack Glenn Gallery, Corona Del Mar, CA
Jacob's Ladder Gallery, Washington, DC
Jaffe-Friede Gallery, Hopkins Center, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH
1974 Â Â Â Harcus, Krakow, Rosen, Sonnabend Gallery, Boston, MA
American University, Washington, DC
Nancy Hoffman Gallery, New York
Art Galleries, Northeast Missouri State University, Kirksville, MO
Portland Center for Visual Arts, Portland, OR
Reed College, Portland, OR
List Gallery, Denver Art Museum, Denver, CO
1975 Â Â Â Nancy Hoffman Gallery, New York
New Gallery of Contemporary Art, Cleveland, OH; traveling exhibition:
Sullivant Gallery, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH; Kilcawley Center Art
Gallery, Youngstown State University, Youngstown, OH; Contemporary ArtsÂ Center, Cincinnati, OH
1976 Â Â Â Mulvane Art Center, Washburn University, Topeka, KS
John Berggruen Gallery, San Francisco, CA
Jack Glenn Gallery, Corona Del Mar, CA
1977 Â Â Â Dobrick Gallery Unlimited, Chicago, IL
University Art Galleries, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA
Nancy Hoffman Gallery, New York
1979 Â Â Â Jan Baum-Iris Silverman Gallery, Los Angeles, CA
Art Museum and Galleries, California State University, Long Beach, CA
Third Eye Centre, Glasgow, Scotland; traveling exhibition: Fruitmarket Gallery,
Edinburgh, Scotland; Academy Gallery, Liverpool, England; Ulster Museum,
Belfast, Ireland; Hatton Gallery, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England
1980 Â Â Â Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, RI
1981 Â Â Â Johnson Gallery, Middlebury College, VT
1982 Â Â Â Nancy Hoffman Gallery, New York; traveled to the Mint Museum, Charlotte,Â NC
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York
1983 Â Â Â Nancy Hoffman Gallery, New York
Provincetown Art Association, Provincetown, MA
1985 Â Â Â Galerie Ninety-Nine, Bay Harbor Islands, FL
Nancy Hoffman Gallery, New York
Adams Middletown Gallery, Dallas, TX
1987 Â Â Â Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, PA
1991 Â Â Â Andre Emmerich Gallery, New York
2000 Â Â Â Mitchell-Innes & Nash, New York
2002 Â Â Â Mitchell-Innes & Nash, New York with Ameringer Howard Yohe, New York
2007 Â Â Â Mitchell-Innes & Nash, New York, Jack Tworkov Rhythm 1955 - 1967
Museums and Public Collections
Ackland Art Museum, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, N.C.
Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, N.Y. Â
Allentown Art Museum, Allentown, Pa.
American University Museum, Katzen Center, Washington, D.C. Â
Ann Arbor Art Association, Ann Arbor, Mich.
Arkansas Art Center, Little Rock, Ark.
Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Ill. Â
Art, Santa Barbara, Calif. Â
Asheville Art Museum, Asheville, N.C. Â
Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, Md. Â
Black Mountain College Museum and Arts Center, Asheville, N.C.
Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas, Austin, Tex. Â
Bowdoin College Museum of Art, Brunswick, Maine Â
Butler Institute of American Art, Youngstown, Ohio Â
Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh, Pa. Â
Chazen Museum of Art, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis. Â
Chrysler Museum of Art, Norfolk, Va. Â
Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, Ohio Â
Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. Â
Daum Museum of Contemporary Art, Sedalia, Mo.
Detroit Institute of Art, Detroit, Mich. Â View 1 work Â»
Harvard University Art Museums, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, Mass. Â
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C. Â
Honolulu Museum of Art, Honolulu, Hawaii Â
Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College, Hanover, N.H.
Hunter Museum of American Art, Chattanooga, Tenn. Â
Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis, Ind. Â
Jewish Museum, New York, N.Y.
Lowe Art Museum at University of Miami, Coral Gables, Fla. Â
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, N.Y. Â
Montclair Art Museum, Montclair, N.J.
Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Tex.
Museum of Modern Art, New York, N.Y. Â
National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. Â
Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, Mo.
Newark Art Museum, Newark, N.J. Â
Oklahoma City Museum of Art, Oklahoma City, Okla. Â
Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice, Italy View 1 work Â»
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, Pa. Â
Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C. Â
Portland Museum of Art, Portland, Maine
Portland Museum of Art, Portland, Ore. Â
Princeton University Art Museum, Princeton, N.J. Â
Provincetown Art Association and Museum, Provincetown, Mass.
Rockefeller University, New York, N.Y. Â
Samuel Dorsky Museum of Art, New Paltz, N.Y. Â
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, Calif. Â
Seattle Art Museum, Seattle, Wash. Â
Smart Museum of Art, University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill.
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C. Â
Snite Museum of Art at University of Norte Dame, Norte Dame, Ind. Â
Solomon R. Guggenheim, New York, N.Y. Â
Tate Modern, London, United Kingdom
Toledo Museum of Art, Toledo, Ohio
Tucson Museum of Art, Tucson, Ariz. Â
University of California, Berkeley Art Museum, Berkeley, Calif.
University of Michigan Museum of Art, Ann Arbor, Mich.
Vero Beach Museum of Art, Vero Beach, Fla. Â
Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, Conn. Â
Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, Minn. Â
Weatherspoon Art Museum, Greensboro, N.C. Â
Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, N.Y. Â
Williams College Museum of Art, Williamstown, Mass. Â
Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn. Â
Yellowstone Art Museum, Billings, Mont. Â