Achille Laugé French, 1861-1944

Overview

Achille Laugé was born in 1861 in Arzens, a town in the southern part of France in the Aude region, the son of successful farmers. When Laugé was still quite young, the family moved to Cailhau near Carcassone not far from Arzens where he was born. It was in this town that the young artist spent most of his youth. In 1878 when Laugé was seventeen, he began his studies in Toulouse, moving next to Paris in 1881 where he enrolled in the École des Beaux-Arts. While Laugé was studying at the École des Beaux-Arts, his friend from Toulouse, Antoine Bourdelle introduced him to the classical sculptor Aristide Maillol, renowned for his large-scale sculptures of women. The two remained friends for many years. Laugé resided in Paris during heady and exciting times for the artistic community. He was exposed to the work of the Neo-Impressionists, and it is most certain that he saw the exhibition of Georges Seurat's La Grande Jatte in 1886. In 1895 Laugé moved back to his childhood home of Cailhau. Around this time Laugé began to employ a practice called divisionism whereby color is separated into individual dots or strokes of pigment. Such Neo-Impressionist artists as Georges Seurat and Paul Signac with whose work Laugé was inspired, applied paint in contrasting dots of color placed side by side, so that, when seen from a distance, these dots would blend and be perceived by the retina as a luminous whole. From 1888 until 1896, Laugé's paintings were similarly though not quite so scientifically constructed with small dots of color. After this period Laugé's technique changed. Now instead he applied paint in strokes that approached crosshatching. Again in 1905 his style took another turn. At this point he began to paint in larger strokes that resulted in a thicker impasto application. Such a style brought him full circle to a more Impressionist style.

Exhibitions

Salon des Indépendants, 1894

Toulouse Exhibition (in conjunction with Bonnard, Denis, Sérusier, Roussel, Toulouse-Lautrec, and Vuillard)

Achille Astre, Paris, 1907 (solo)

Alvin Beaumont, Paris, 1911 (solo)

Nunès et Fiquet, Paris, 1919 (solo)

Berhneim-Jeune, Paris, 1923 (solo)

Georges Petit, Paris, 1927 (solo)

Galerie de la Renaissance, 1929 (solo)

René Zevy, 1930 (solo)

Musée de Limoux, 1958

Musée des Augustins, Toulouse, 1961 (with Bourdelle and Maillol)

Marcel Flavin, 1966

Kaplan Gallery, London, 1966

Hammer Galleries, New York, 1967

Musée des Beaux-Arts, Paris, 2009

Le Musée Petit de Limoux et Le Musée de la Chartreuse de Douai, Achille Lauge, le point, la ligne, la lumière, 2009-10

Museums and Public Collections

Musée de Carcassonne

Musée de Grenoble

Indianapolis Museum of Art

Holliday Collection, Indiana

Musée Petiet, Limoux

Musée Ingres, Montauban

Musée Fabre, Montpellier

Morlaix

Musée National d'Art Moderne, Paris

Musée Hyacinthe Rigaud, Perpignan

Musée des Augustins, Toulouse

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