Mounted on a turned Black Marble base
Albert Wein believed that "every good work of art is a good abstract composition" or could at least be represented by one. That the subject, devoid of details, and pared down to only what is necessary to convey the "essence" of the composition is what really mattered in a truly great work of art according to this recipient of the coveted Prix de Rome and participant in the "watershed" exhibition, American Sculpture in 1951 at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, considered by many to be one of the most important early exhibitions of modernist sculpture in America.
Albert Wein was an artist of innate talent. Sculpture was a great focus in his career but it is evident that he could apply his hand to any art form and exhibit a facile mastery of the medium. He had a wonderful ability with line and was a beautiful draftsman. In the 1950s and 1960s Albert produced quite a body of canvases and works on paper, all in the avant-garde abstract manner that prevailed at that time. Whether it was abstract sculpture or abstract painting, Albert’s subject matter and approach was never on the superficial side.
Albert Wein was born in New York in 1915 and was the only son of an accomplished woman artist, Elsa Wein. Elsa’s influence and intense commitment to nurturing the young Albert’s seemingly insatiable appetite for artistic expression had a profound effect on the developing artist. He built upon this artistic foundation for the rest of his life.
To say that Albert Wein was a child prodigy is no mere boast. In 1927, when Albert was just twelve years old, Elsa Wein, “a true studio mother” moved the family to Maryland so she could enroll the budding young artist, Albert, and herself, into the Maryland Institute College of Art, a school that adhered to a curriculum of “academic based Classicism.” At the time of his enrollment, Albert Wein was the youngest student ever to enroll in the college Art courses at the Maryland Institute.
After more than a year of “rigid” instruction, the 1929 Stock Market crash (and resulting economic impact it had on the Wein family) put an end to his studies at the institute. The family was forced to return to New York City to seek alternative employment.
In 1929 at the age of 14 while attending high school in the Bronx, in New York City, Wein registered for night classes at the National Academy of Design and sought out study in the Life Drawing Class of the well-known American Impressionist painter, Ivan Olinsky. At first, Olinsky’s reaction to the request was not favorable because at the time no 14-year-old student had ever been admitted into a Life Drawing Class at the National Academy. This was due in part to the obvious age requirements in working with live models. Olinsky, after meeting personally with the serious young applicant, reviewed his work and at once recognized Wein’s artistic talent and made an exception for him. Albert Wein once again became the youngest attendee among his peers in an advanced art class.
Early in 1932 Wein enrolled in classes at the Beaux-Arts Institute of Design in New York City where he expanded upon his academic education in sculpture while studying under some of the most prominent practitioners in their field. The Beaux Arts Institute was a school modeled after the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in France and the curriculum (among other things) prepared students for national competitions in the architectural application of their work. This early architectural based training proved to be invaluable throughout Wein’s career as it applied to the large-scale public projects he would later produce.
In 1933, Wein's early inclination towards the modernist art movement that was sweeping America and the rest of the art world led to his decision to enroll in the Hans Hofmann School of Fine Arts at 444 Madison Avenue in New York City. At the time he enrolled, Wein was very aware that Hans Hofmann was regarded as one of the most respected leaders in the forefront of modernism and eagerly anticipated Hofmann’s instruction. It was around this time that Wein, building upon his early unprecedented training in the classical tradition, sculpted "Adam," an early cubist influenced modernist masterwork. This work was a precursor to what would become his signature modernization/stylization of the classical form. In fact, Albert Wein was once quoted as saying that the main thrust of his work was "to modernize and stylize the classical tradition".
In 1934, at the age of 19, Wein took a pay-cut from his secular job as an artist working for an advertising company in New York City to join the WPA. This was an extremely productive period for him and he was able to produce many fine works for both private commissions and award winning national competitions. The works of this period gained him widespread recognition among collectors and fellow artists.
Among the many honors and awards bestowed upon Albert Wein during his illustrious career included those of the coveted Prix de Rome, the highest award in art, “likened to that of the Nobel Prize” the Tiffany Foundation Fellowship, the Rockefeller Foundation grant for study and more. He also participated in the "watershed" exhibition, American Sculpture in 1951 at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. American Sculpture is considered by many to be one of the most important early exhibitions of modernist sculpture in America. In 1979 Wein was elected to full Academician of the National Academy of Design, one of the highest honors an American artist can receive. During his prodigious career he won every major prize available in exhibitions held at the National Sculpture Society and the National Academy of Design, the two leading art institutions of the day.
Some of his important commissions include those for the Brookgreen Gardens, (the world's largest outdoor Sculpture Garden) Steuben Glass Co., The Bronx Zoo, The Franklin Mint and The Libby Dam bas-relief, to name just a few. The latter work, Wein's Libby Dam project was a massive artistic and engineering accomplishment. The three-story sculpture that Wein created is the world’s largest granite bas-relief carving, weighing some 70 tons. It took a team of men working under his direction, three years to complete. The Libby Dam bas-relief "has been likened by critics to other sculptures in the U.S. grand tradition such as Daniel Chester French's seated figure of Abraham Lincoln in Washington, Gutzon Borglum's Mount Rushmore and Paul Manship's gilded bronze statue of Prometheus in Rockefeller Center Plaza."
Wein, in addition to being an excellent sculptor was also a very prolific and talented easel painter who painted in a purely Abstract Expressionist style. He approached painting much the same way he did his sculptural work, from a sound academic based foundation that gave him the legitimacy and freedom to express his modernist views. His paintings have been widely exhibited and have gained him much notoriety.
Very few artists of the twentieth century have so successfully achieved a balance between the extremes of Classicism and Modernism, as did Albert Wein. His sound foundation of academic excellence provided the basis for the stylized, modernistic approach that set him apart from his contemporaries.
Wein Felt that "every good work of art is a good abstract composition" or could at least be represented by one. That the subject, devoid of details, and pared down to only what is necessary to convey the "essence" of the composition is what really mattered in a truly great work of art.
Albert Wein unexpectedly passed away in March of 1991, leaving behind a legacy of spectacular works that have universal appeal in part because of his unique ability to forge a union between centuries of artistic style.
Gordon Friedlander – close friend and son of Albert’s artistic mentor, Leo Friedlander, the 21st president of the National sculpture society stated eloquently: "Albert's work will live on and will endure." These sculptures have already passed the test of time - the true measure of the worth of all creative people."
Wein modeled the elegant Demeter in Italy in 1947. He then submitted it for consideration by the Tiffany Foundation, which awarded him one of its prestigious artist’s grants in 1949. The same year this sculpture was created, Wein was awarded the American Academy in Rome’s Prix de Rome. He spent the next two years in Italy, accompanied by his second wife Gertrude, a dancer, who served as the model for Demeter.
Albert Wein depicts Demeter in the act of pouring a large jug of water; presumably he has decided to use water as the symbol of replenishing the land. Here, Wein is capturing Demeter at the transition of a new season. Wein sculpted many of the Greek Gods, and this subject matter is particularly interesting considering he was becoming more and more of a modernist. Recalling such a Classical theme creates an interesting juxtaposition. The water Demeter pours onto the land appears at first to be a surrealist object, melting and twisting as it flows from the urn. Wein, acknowledging the juxtaposition, is stating how modernism has poured into the culture, at first looking odd but gradually blending in and influencing the culture at large.
The daughter of Cronus and Rhea, Demeter was one of the great Olympian deities of Greece, equated with the Roman Ceres. She was the goddess of vegetation and the protectress of marriage. In the Olympian Pantheon, Demeter was responsible for bringing forth the fruits of the earth, particularly the various grains. She also taught mankind the art of sowing and plowing so they could end their nomadic existence. As such, Demeter was also the goddess of planned society. She was very popular with the rural population. As a fertility goddess she is sometimes identified with Rhea and Gaia. Demeter was the sister of Zeus, by whom she became the mother of Persephone. When Persephone was abducted by Hades, lord of the underworld, Demeter wandered the earth in search of her lost child. During this time the earth brought forth no grain. Finally, Zeus sent Hermes to the underworld, ordering Hades to restore Persephone to her mother. However, before she left, Hades gave her a pomegranate (a common fertility symbol). When she ate from it, she was bound to spend a third of the year with her husband in the infernal regions. Only when her daughter is with her, Demeter lets things grow (summer). The dying and blossoming of nature was thus connected with Demeter, the changing of the seasons.
In ancient art, Demeter was often portrayed (sitting) as a solemn woman, often wearing a wreath of braided ears of corn. Well-known is the statue made by Knidos (mid forth century BCE). Her usual symbolic attributes are the fruits of the earth and the torch, the latter presumably referring to her search for Persephone. Her sacred animals were the snake (an earth-creature) and the pig (another symbol of fertility). Some of her epithets include Auxesia, Deo, Chloe, and Sito.
Estate of the Artist